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vTv Therapeutics Announces Positive Results from Part 2 of the Phase 2 Simplici-T1 Study of TTP399, Potential First-in-Class Oral Adjunctive Therapy for Patients with Type 1 Diabetes
- TTP399, a novel glucokinase activator, achieves primary objective of a statistically significant reduction in HbA1c, without increases in hypoglycemia or ketoacidosis
- Company to host investor conference call today at
The trial successfully achieved its primary objective analyzed using two statistical approaches to evaluating the effect of TTP399. The primary statistical analysis evaluated the effect on HbA1c regardless of treatment adherence or notable changes in insulin administration. Under the primary statistical analysis, the trial achieved its primary objective by demonstrating statistically significant improvements in HbA1c (long-term blood sugar) for TTP399 compared to placebo at week 12 (p=0.03).
TTP399 was well tolerated with similar incidences of treatment-emergent adverse events overall and by system organ class in both treatment groups. The study had no report of diabetic ketoacidosis in either treatment group. There was no incidence of severe hypoglycemia in the treated group and one incident in the placebo group. Patients taking TTP399 experienced fewer symptomatic hypoglycemic episodes: two subjects taking TTP399 reported at least one event compared to eight subjects taking placebo.
“I am very pleased that part 2 of the study confirmed the positive results and effects we saw in part 1. A once-a-day pill that reduces HbA1c and improves time in range with continuous glucose monitoring, without increasing hypoglycemia or any signal for adverse events, is a big win for the future care of type 1 diabetes,” said Dr.
To eliminate the possibility that the reduction in HbA1c was driven by the administration of excess insulin (3 or more units per day), a second estimand analysis was performed.1 Based upon this analysis, people treated with TTP399 achieved a statistically-significant placebo-subtracted reduction in HbA1c of 0.32% (p=0.001). Patients taking TTP399 experienced a 0.21% reduction in HbA1c, while patients taking placebo experienced a 0.11% increase in HbA1c, from a mean study baseline HbA1c of 7.6% following a multi-week insulin optimization period prior to the administration of study treatment.
Daily Time in Range was improved by approximately two hours in patients treated with TTP399 relative to placebo (p=0.03). TTP399 treatment reduced the total daily mealtime bolus insulin dose by 11% relative to baseline (p=0.02) whereas the placebo-treated group experienced a 3% decrease relative to baseline.
“The development of a safe and effective therapy that improves glucose control is a critical step toward eliminating the dangerous highs and lows associated with type 1 diabetes,” said
Despite advances in insulin and its administration, people with T1D continue to have difficulty achieving optimal glucose control (HbA1c of less than 7.0%), warranting the need for adjunctive therapies. TTP399 selectively activates glucokinase (GK), a key regulator of glucose metabolism, in the liver. This activation has been shown to increase glucose utilization, which in turn lowers blood glucose. Simplici-T1 is the first study to test activation of GK in patients with T1D, evaluating daily oral TTP399 as an adjunct to insulin therapy.
“Roughly 1.5 million people in the US are living with type 1 diabetes and the burdensome, around the clock disease management it requires to avoid life-threatening complications. These patients and their families are demanding new treatment options that offer simple, predictable diabetes management to improve HbA1c and time in range. Consistent with
About the Simplici-T1 Study
Simplici-T1 is a multi-center, randomized, double-blind, adaptive study assessing the safety and efficacy of TTP399 as an adjunct to insulin therapy in adults with T1D. The primary endpoint was the change in HbA1c at week 12. The study was conducted with support from JDRF, the leading global organization funding research in type 1 diabetes.
This Phase 2 learn-and-confirm study was conducted in two parts under the same protocol to evaluate the safety and efficacy of TTP399 in T1D patients over 12 weeks of daily dosing following a multi-week insulin optimization and placebo run-in period. Part 1 enrolled 19 patients on both insulin pumps and CGMs. The positive topline results from Phase 2 - Part 1 were reported in June, 2019. Part 2 enrolled 85 patients that used either insulin pumps or multiple daily injections of insulin; CGMs were allowed for those patients using the devices for at least three months prior to the start of the study.
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About Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is an autoimmune disease in which a person’s pancreas stops producing insulin, a hormone that enables people to get energy from food. It occurs when the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas, called beta cells. While its causes are not yet entirely understood, scientists believe that both genetic factors and environmental triggers are involved. Its onset has nothing to do with diet or lifestyle. There is nothing you can do to prevent T1D, and—at present—nothing you can do to cure it.
JDRF is the leading global organization funding T1D research. Its mission is to accelerate life-changing breakthroughs to cure, prevent and treat T1D and its complications. To accomplish this, JDRF has invested more than
About vTv Therapeutics
vTv Therapeutics Inc. is a clinical-stage pharmaceutical company focused on treating metabolic diseases to minimize their long-term complications through end-organ protection. vTv has an innovative pipeline of first-in-class small molecule clinical and pre-clinical drug candidates for the treatment of a wide range of metabolic diseases and their long term complications such as type 1 diabetes and Alzheimer’s disease. vTv’s development partners are pursuing additional indications in type 2 diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and genetic mitochondrial diseases. For more information, please visit www.vtvtherapeutics.com or follow us on Twitter: @vTvTherapeutics.
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1 The second estimand analysis evaluated the effect on HbA1c for patients without evidence of noncompliance with prescribed treatment who did not administer increases of bolus insulin of three or more units per day. This second estimand analysis was conducted consistent with current regulatory guidance.
Source: vTv Therapeutics Inc.